Paper Title: Radiographic Findings in Patients with Low back pain in Yenagoa, Nigeria
Authors: Kiridi E.K, Dambo N.D, Madufuro G.O.C
Plain radiographs have a role to play in the management of patients in our environment as they are readily available and relatively cheap. The magnetic resonance imaging scan which is considered the gold standard for imaging in patients with low back pain is hardly available in our environment. In our environment, there are no guidelines for imaging in patients with non specific low back pain. In our review of 220 lumbosacral radiographs, 24.6% of patients were classified as having a normal radiograph. Osteophytes were found in 72.3% of patients. Decreased bone density was found in 12.3% of patients most of whom were women and were above the age of 50. Osteophytes and decreased bone density had a significant association with age. Other findings were the presence of spondylolisthesis, decreased disc space, vacuum phenomenon as well as lumbosacral transitional vertebrae (LSTV).