Paper Title: Contraceptive choices among women in Umuahia, Nigeria
Authors: Nduka E.C., Nduka I., Nwachukwu K.C.
BACKGROUND: Contraception is not only important in promoting maternal health and preventing morbidity and mortality from unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions, but also plays vital role in population control. OBJECTIVE: To determine the contraceptive choices of New Acceptors at the Family Planning Clinic of Federal Medical Centre(FMC) Umuahia. METHOD: A cross-sectional descriptive study using hospital based records. Data on biosocial characteristics and contraceptive choices of all new acceptors seen over a one year period (January to December 2012) were collated and analyzed. RESULTS: The age group 35-39 years (26%) and the grand multiparous group (38%) had the highest number of clients. Majority of the clients were married (92%); had tertiary education (59.7%); and were Pentecostal Christians (50.3%). The commonest source of information on contraception was from hospital staff (40%). Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) was the commonest chosen contraceptive method 43.6%), while tubal ligation was the least chosen method (3.9%). Out of the 3,394 gynaecological clinic clients seen during the study period, 358 came for family planning, giving a family planning prevalence of 9.5%. CONCLUSION: IUCD is the most commonly used contraceptive method in Umuahia, Nigeria.